“Chieftain” chair, model no. FJ 49 A

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  • Condition Report

  • Provenance

    Private collection, Philadelphia
    Moderne Gallery, Philadelphia
    Acquired from the above by the present owner, 1998

  • Literature

    Viggo Sten Møller and Svend Erik Møller, Dansk Møbelkunst: Københavns Snedkerlaugs Møbeludstilling, 1927-1951, Copenhagen, 1951, p. 82
    Esbjørn Hiort, Modern Danish Furniture, New York, 1956, pp. 54-55
    Grete Jalk, ed., Dansk Møbelkunst gennem 40 aar, Volume 3: 1947-1956, Copenhagen, 1987, pp. 124-25, 233, 311
    Esbjørn Hiort, Finn Juhl: Furniture, Architecture, Applied Art, Copenhagen, 1990, front cover, pp. 23, 40-41
    Noritsugu Oda, Danish Chairs, San Francisco, 1999, pp. 92-93
    Arne Karlsen, Danish Furniture Design: in the 20th Century, Volume 2, Copenhagen, 2007, pp. 106, 187-89

  • Catalogue Essay

    Bow Down

    First presented at the Copenhagen Cabinetmakers’ Guild exhibition of 1949, Finn Juhl’s “Chieftain” chair is said to have earned its name after King Frederik IX sat in it during the exhibition, though Juhl also exhibited it alongside tribal objects that are believed to have inspired the chair’s form. The “Chieftain” certainly has a throne-like presence, both in its generous proportions and due to its imposing shield-shaped back. The design, along with Juhl’s “Egyptian” chair (also exhibited in 1949) was further inspired by furniture from the tomb of Tutankhamen, specifically the triangle-shaped sides formed by connecting the stiles that hold the back rest in an elegant step joint with the back legs. Despite these historical references and the chair’s robust presence, the “Chieftain” nevertheless conveys a sense of lightness due to the floating seat and back; all of these characteristics have contributed to the chair’s recognition as a masterwork of Danish modern design.

    The present example was executed by the master cabinetmaker Niels Vodder, dating this chair to the earliest phase of production before the license was conferred to Ivan Schlechter in 1972 and then to Niels Roth Andersen from 1988 to 2000 (the American furniture manufacturer Baker also produced a version in the 1950s and the design is now produced by House of Finn Juhl). Fewer than 100 examples are believed to have been executed by Vodder and the present example bears all the attributes typical of his mid-1950s production: the classic shape of the horns (which would become more elongated in the 1960s); the three die-cut steel seat tabs with smooth rounded corners; the planished steel arms and the sculpted teak back spacer.

113

Property from a Private Collection, Philadelphia

Finn Juhl

“Chieftain” chair, model no. FJ 49 A

circa 1955
Teak, leather upholstery.
36 3/4 x 40 1/2 x 35 in. (93.3 x 102.9 x 88.9 cm)
Executed by master cabinetmaker Niels Vodder, Copenhagen, Denmark. Underside impressed NIELS VODDER CABINETMAKER/COPENHAGEN DENMARK/DESIGN: FINN JUHL.

Estimate
$40,000 - 60,000 

Place Advance Bid
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Design

New York Auction 17 December 2019