Charles Nègre - The Odyssey of Collecting: Photographs from Joy of Giving Something Foundation, Part 1 New York Sunday, April 2, 2017 | Phillips

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  • Provenance

    Nègre Family Collection
    Joseph Nègre, great grandson of the artist
    Charles Isaacs Photographs, Inc., New York, 1993

  • Catalogue Essay

    An additional print of this image is in the collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

    Few 19th-century photographers were as attuned to the aesthetic use of light as Charles Nègre. He used it as a compositional element in many of his pictures, especially those made in the courtyard of his Quai de Bourbon studio on the Ile Saint-Louis, where he knew well the progression of sunlight throughout the day. In this self-portrait, he has incorporated sunlight as a bold diagonal device: the light intersects the window edges, the billowing, draped fabric, and the doorway behind him, uniting the disparate planes of the background. It is a testament to Nègre’s technical proficiency that he was able to photograph a scene of extreme tonal values—deep shadows and sun-drenched highlights—and maintain a high level of detail throughout.

    This image was made with a glass negative and illustrates Nègre’s proficiency with this relatively new process. He had previously achieved remarkable results with the paper negative (see Lot 31), but his transition to glass allowed him to explore light fully as an aesthetic element in his pictures. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the bravura image offered here.

    Nègre was known primarily for his documentation of France’s architectural patrimony, his sensitive portraits, and his genre scenes. Self-Portrait in Orientalist Costume is somewhat of an outlier within his photographic oeuvre. Nègre was originally trained as a painter, and in this self-portrait he adopts the then-fashionable trope of the exotic Eastern costume, a reflection of the rage for Orientalism that swept through much of Europe in the 19th century. Other photographers, among them Roger Fenton and Francis Frith, made portraits of themselves in Eastern dress, but in a controlled indoor setting. In the photograph offered here, Nègre has risen to the challenge of stepping outside the studio, and using the direct light of the sun to delineate and define his Orientalist garb.

38

Self-Portrait in Orientalist Costume

circa 1860
Albumen print, mounted.
7 3/4 x 5 3/8 in. (19.7 x 13.7 cm)

Estimate
$50,000 - 70,000 

Sold for $37,500

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Caroline Deck
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Vanessa Hallett
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The Odyssey of Collecting: Photographs from Joy of Giving Something Foundation, Part 1

New York 3 April 2017