A way to share and manage lots.
£500,000 - 700,000 ‡
sold for £561,000
Private Collection (acquired directly from the artist in 2009)
Christie's, London, 14 February 2012, lot 40
Acquired at the above sale by the present owner
With its monochromatic palette and evocative dynamism, Untitled (Portrait) courses with Richard Prince’s biting wit and eagle-eye ability to explore the nuances of language and image. With paint dribbled and daubed onto the vast surface of the canvas in a gestural effect, Untitled (Portrait) appears to display the hallmarks of an Abstract Expressionist canvas. Upon closer inspection, spliced and repeated imagery of the scantily clad supermodel Kate Moss begins to emerge from beneath the superimposed stencilled letters telling the cyclical anecdote of a poor beggar. The canvas emanates sheer power through its monolithic scale, which, combined with the duplication of portrait snippets, builds a visually arresting narrative. It is here that Prince’s true ingenuity materialises, revealing not only the rich visual layering of the picture plane, but also his ability to weight his canvasses with a variety of conceptually rich impressions and poignant cultural connotations.
The present work is exemplary of Prince’s Joke paintings, which the prolific artist commenced in the mid-1980s. Using reproductions of cartoons from popular publications, such as The New Yorker, Prince layered unrelated and incongruous punch lines from other jokes beneath differing images. Instead of setting his wry anecdote against a simplistic monochromatic background, typical of his earlier works, Prince places this particular witticism in front of a tessellated patchwork, each image depicting a portrait of Kate Moss. While the execution of image and text appears to be reminiscent of Prince’s earlier Joke paintings, the artist explores this juxtaposition further in the present work. Infamous for claiming that ‘nothing tastes as good as skinny feels’, the decision to use images of model Kate Moss is particularly poignant. The ‘joke’ provocatively challenges the excesses of fashion, fame, celebrity and greed, highlighting the grotesque inequality between the mega-rich and the desperately poor.
Prince simultaneously plays upon the notion of celebrity; a concern explored throughout the canon of art history, culminating in Andy Warhol’s famed Pop silkscreens. A muse for a number of highly acclaimed artists such as Lucian Freud, Alex Katz and Marc Quinn, Kate Moss forms the foundation of Prince’s exploration of fame and the fascination with icons within popular culture. Having already photographed her on numerous occasions, including in 2003, where she wore a T-shirt emblazoned with one of his Jokes, her presence within this painting seems a deliberate, almost gleeful irreverence. By appropriating and then plastering the seductive images of Moss all over the canvas, there is perhaps another, more subtle joke, between the notoriety of the model and his overt appropriation of the brushwork of the great artist, Jackson Pollock. Here, Pop culture, celebrity and visual art are unashamedly bound together, informing and appropriating each other to create layered visual meaning, which resonates on a variety of levels for the viewer.
Exploring this technique when employed in the tear-sheet department of Time Life, Prince clipped and filed articles for editors, surrounded by the glossy images and honed advertising slogans published and mass-produced in printed media. In the process, Prince began to focus on the leftover advertising imagery, the material that remained after he cut out the required content. By collecting and comparing myriad examples of product adverts, he was able to tease out certain repeated gestures, visual devices and attitudes. As in the work of Barbara Kruger, Prince employs a montage technique, exploring the visual effect of text and image when both are altered. Experimenting with a variety of media, including photography and film, their works exposed cultural tropes and stereotypes in popular imagery. By reworking and transforming well-known images, their art challenged notions of individuality and authorship, making the movement an important facet of postmodernist thought. In this way, Untitled (Portrait) remains a savvy and insightful piece, expanding the notions of art to include social criticism for a generation of viewers saturated by mass media.
American • 1947
While some artists are known for a signature style, Richard Prince is most closely associated with his subject matter: for instance, Cowboys, his series of the Marlboro man magnified between 1980 and 1994; Nurses, sinister yet seductive, all copies from pulp novel covers; joke text paintings, simple block lettering of his own or appropriated jokes. Often labelled an artist of the Pictures Generation alongside Cindy Sherman and Robert Longo, Prince has been said to be the contemporary artist who most understands the depth and influence of mass media over life in the 20th and 21st centuries. In whichever medium Prince chooses to work, he stays within the realm of appropriation.
Of course Prince is not met without controversy, and he has been on the losing end of several lawsuits involving copyright infringement. His "Instagram" series — unedited reproductions of content posted by models, influencers and celebrities on their personal feeds — sold for upwards of $100,000 at primary market, making for a memorable moment at Frieze Week New York in 2015.
£500,000 - 700,000 ‡
sold for £561,000
London Auction 6 October 2017