Gerrit Thomas Rietveld - The Architect London Monday, April 28, 2014 | Phillips

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  • Provenance

    Wright, 'Important 20th Century Design', May 21, 2006, lot 212

  • Literature

    Daniele Baroni, The Furniture of Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, New York, 1978, pp. 17, 92–93
    Carsten-Peter Warncke, De Stijl 1917–1931, Cologne, 1990, p. 127
    Paul Overy, De Stijl, London, 1991, p. 83
    Peter Vöge, The Complete Rietveld Furniture, Rotterdam, 1993, p. 61, fig. 53
    Ida van Zijl, Gerrit Rietveld, London, 2010, p. 230

  • Artist Biography

    Gerrit Thomas Rietveld

    Dutch • 1888 - 1964

    Gerrit Thomas Rietveld began as an apprentice in his father's cabinetmaking workshop, going on to train and work as a draftsman. In 1917 he started his own furniture-making workshop in Utrecht. Positive critical review by Theo van Doesburg in his journal De Stijl resulted in near-instantaneous influence on broader developments in European modernism. This connection to the De Stijl movement also inspired him to introduce color to the posts, rails and terminals of his furniture. His resulting "Red-blue" armchair is among the most iconic chair designs of the twentieth century.

    From the beginning, Rietveld embraced modernist principles of functionalism, simplicity of form and mass-production, and eventually moved away from De Stijl to become a member of the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Rietveld worked through the post-war years, completing a number of private residences, housing developments and institutions. He continued to design furniture for these commissions as well as for retailers like Metz & Co.

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'Berlin' chair

designed 1923, executed circa 1957
Painted beech.
105.7 x 76.2 x 58.4 cm (41 5/8 x 30 x 23 in.)
Executed by Gerard van de Groenekan, De Bilt, the Netherlands. Underside with paper label printed G. A. v. d. GROENEKAN/Utrechtseweg 315 DE BILT and inscribed NEDERLAND.

£12,000 - 18,000 Ω

Sold for £16,250

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Alexander Payne
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The Architect

Created by Lee F. Mindel, London Auction 29 April 2014 6pm