Edgar Brandt - Design Masters New York Monday, December 14, 2015 | Phillips

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  • Provenance

    Acquired by John Woodman Higgins for the Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1935
    Deaccessioned by the museum, circa 1991
    Sotheby's, New York, "20th Century Decorative Works of Art," June 12, 1998, lot 144
    Acquired from the above by the present owner

  • Exhibited

    Pavillon de L'Intransigeant, Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, Cours-la-Reine, Paris, April-October 1925

  • Literature

    Guillaume Janneau, Le Fer à l’Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs Modernes, Paris, 1925, illustrated pl. 2
    "Aux Arts Décoratifs," L’Intransigeant, Le Journal de Paris, no. 16395, June 25, 1925, illustrated p. 1
    Helen Appleton Read,“The Exposition in Paris,” International Studio, no. 343, November 1925, illustrated p. 97
    Sarah Morgan, Art Deco: The European Style, London, 1990, illustrated p. 169
    Joan Kahr, Edgar Brandt: Art Deco Ironwork, Paris, 2010, pp. 105-6, figs. 149-51 for similar examples

  • Catalogue Essay

    In the early 1910s and 1920s, the ironsmith Edgar Brandt was heralded as a twentieth-century Vulcan, responsible for works such as the Mollien Stairway in the Louvre, the Monument of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe and the Bayonet Trench Monument at Verdun. These works and innumerable others, combined with his call for the alignment of art with modern industrial methods, made Brandt the leading ironsmith of his day. Therefore, he was poised to be a leader in planning for the 1925 Exposition Internationale in Paris.

    Brandt's work, exhibited at various locations during the fair, was deemed hors concours (above the competition). For Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann's Hotel d'un Collectionneur (the House of a Rich Collector), Brandt forged many pieces. The design for the entrance door was memorable and it was very similar to the present pair of gates. These stunning gates were fashioned for a small building at the fair, the pavilion of the influential newspaper L'Intransigeant. In the summer of 1924 Brandt provided the entrance door for L'Intransigeant's new headquarters on the rue Réamur; therefore it was expedient to have their pavilion at the fair designed by Les Établissments Brandt.

    The iron doors offered here have a joyful, sprightly appearance. The design is formed by a half-drop repeat of large and small pleated Egyptian fans enclosed within curved iron bars that end in C-scrolls. These pleated fans mimic lotus flowers, whose alternating sizes give the design a playful aspect. This technique of playing with two sizes of the same motif creates a syncopation that is visually upbeat and pleasing.

    Several permutations of this design were forged by the ferronnier (blacksmith). One version, used for the central entrance gate to the exposition, was a portal for vehicles. In 1924 Brandt used another version of the pleated fan motif for the entrance door of couturier Paul Poiret's atelier on the Rond Point des Champs-Elysses. Brandt's reiteration of the Egyptian fans and C-scroll motifs are a testament to his ability to create iconic patterns and themes for his métier.

    -Joan Kahr author of Edgar Brandt: Master of Art Deco Ironwork, Harry N. Abrams, 1999 and Edgar Brandt: Art Deco Ironwork, Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2010

Property from a Private Collection

308

Pair of gates, from the Pavillon de L'Intransigeant, Exposition Internationale, Paris

1925
Wrought iron, bronze.
88 1/2 x 82 1/2 x 3 1/4 in. (224.8 x 209.6 x 8.3 cm)
Lower edge of each door impressed with MADE IN FRANCE and E. BRANDT.

Estimate
$80,000 - 120,000 

Sold for $100,000

Contact Specialist
Meaghan Roddy
Head of Sale
New York
+1 212 940 1266

Design Masters

New York Auction 15 December 2015 5pm