Eduardo Kac - Ex-Machina: A History of Generative Art London Wednesday, July 13, 2022 | Phillips

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  • The artwork D|EU|S [DE|I|TY] was created for the Minitel network. Upon logging in, D|EU|S begins as a black screen. Then, a small white rectangle appears in the middle of the screen. Vertical bars descend inside the rectangle and seemingly random letters and numbers appear under the bars. The poem takes on the appearance of a conventional bar code; however, upon close inspection, the viewer sees that the letters actually form the word "Deus" (God, in Portuguese) and the spacing of the letters reveals "eu" (I, in Portuguese) inside "Deus". The numbers are specific as well, indicating the date when D|EU|S was created and uploaded to the Brazilian network. Kac seeks to implode the religious reference (i.e., ubiquity) from within, propelling forward the emergence of the individual subject within the network.

    D|EU|S was first shown in 1986, in the group exhibition Brazil High-Tech at Galeria de Arte do Centro Empresarial Rio in Rio de Janeiro.


    'So, for me the digital world marked the beginning of an age in which the work was not dematerialized, the work was directly immaterial. This shift allowed the digital to be understood, not just as a medium, but as the motor of an entirely new culture.  It is in essence what motivated me to develop artworks and poems for this new era.'
    —Eduardo Kac


    • Provenance

      The artist

    • Exhibited

      Rio de Janeiro, Galeria de Arte Centro Empressarial Rio, Brasil High-Tech, 1986
      Karlsruhe, ZKM | Center for Art and Media, TYPEMOTION, 16 November 2013 - 2 March 2014 (This exhibition also travelled to the Vilnius National Gallery of Art, FACT Liverpool, and the National Museum of Taiwan Fine Arts)
      Rio de Janeiro, Oi Futuro Ipanema, Eduardo Kac: Poesia Digital, 1982-1999, 15 January - 28 February 2014
      London, Pinta London, Eduardo Kac: Early Media Works, 12-15 June 2014
      London, Whitechapel Gallery, Electronic Superhighway (2016-1966), 29 January - 15 May 2016
      Paris, Palais de Tokyo, Vision, 13-18 April 2016



signed 'Kac' on the underside
Minitel terminal, looped animation, 00:00:23, silent
24.5 x 25 x 24.5 cm (9 5/8 x 9 7/8 x 9 5/8 in.)
Executed in 1986, this work is number 2 from the edition of 3.

Full Cataloguing

£20,000 - 25,000 

Contact Specialist

Benjamin Kandler
Project Lead for Digital Art, Phillips
+44 7393 141 146

Alexis Chompaisal
NFT Manager

Ex-Machina: A History of Generative Art

Online Auction 13-20 July 2022