'Bone' armchair

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  • Provenance

    Friedman Benda, New York
    Acquired from the above by the present owner, 2008

  • Literature

    Anita Star, ed., Joris Laarman Lab, exh. cat., Groninger Museum, Groninger, 2015, pp. 74-75, 94-101
    Anita Star, ed., Joris Laarman Lab, exh. cat., Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, New York, 2017, pp. 64-65, 82-89, 313

  • Catalogue Essay

    In an effort to bring together thinkers and makers from seemingly disparate disciplines, Joris Laarman and Anita Star established Joris Laarman Lab in 2004. The Lab executes works that range in scale from furniture such as the present lot to larger architectural projects. Beginning around 2006, Laarman became particularly interested in the biological processes of tree and bone growth as well as the possibilities of 3-D fabrication. These intellectual fascinations of Laarman’s coalesced in his first ‘Bone Chair’, a precursor to the present lot.

    Describing these works, Laarman has said, ‘If Mother Nature wanted to create a chair, it would probably look something like [this]’ (Anita Star, ed., Joris Laarman Lab, exh. cat., Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, New York, 2017, p. 66). Inspired by the way in which bones grow, Laarman developed a computer algorithm that similarly minimises mass where less support is needed. He described the algorithm by saying, ‘This is done by creating a virtual 3-D model and simulating the application of stress to specific points on the design. Then the algorithm takes away all of the material that isn’t necessarily needed, without weakening that part’ (ibid, p. 66). For the present lot, Laarman used this biologically-inspired algorithm to create a 3-D mold. He then cast the chair using a mixture of marble powder and resin. Whereas his first ‘Bone Chair’ was made with aluminum, the chalky and smooth quality of the marble resin has a bone-like appearance that visually reinforces Laarman’s design concept.

    Though this chair’s conceptual undergirding and formal production mark a radical shift in the possibilities of design — from its point of inspiration to its novel use of emergent technologies — it remains grounded in the larger historical trajectory of designers creating works inspired by nature. From Art Nouveau at the turn of twentieth century to ‘Biomorphic Design’ of the post-World War II period, many of the most innovative designs have been inspired by the natural world.

    By exploring the intersections of design, technology, and science and by expanding our very understanding of these disciplines, Laarman has become one of the most groundbreaking and innovative designers of the twenty-first century. The ‘Bone Armchair’ proves this point: it is theoretically complex yet straightforward, visually robust yet delicate, and aesthetically minimal yet dynamic.

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'Bone' armchair

2008
Carrara marble powder, casting resin.
73.4 x 99.2 x 78.4 cm (28 7/8 x 39 x 30 7/8 in.)
Produced by Joris Laarman Studio, the Netherlands for Barry Friedman Gallery, New York. Number 8 from the edition of 12. Underside incised with facsimile signature Joris Laarman and 8 / 12.

Estimate
£180,000 - 220,000 

sold for £237,500

Contact Specialist
Antonia King
Interim Head of Sale
+44 20 7901 7944
antonia.king@phillips.com

Design

London Auction 17 October 2019